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Miners with breathing apparatus working on the re-opening of Aberdare Central colliery on July 1, 1944.

Brave miners re-opened a crippled pit

When Aberdare Central colliery caught fire in July 1942, in the darkest days of Australia’s wartime struggle, 550 miners instantly lost their jobs and the nation was deprived of about 1800 tonnes a day of vital coal. Experts were sure the mine, near Kitchener in the Hunter Valley of NSW, was finished, but mine manager Fred Hemmingway disagreed, asserting that he could beat the fire and get the mine re-opened. A highly experienced miner in his own right, Mr Hemmingway rejected repeated negative reports and eventually got permission to make his attempt. It was a bold effort, extremely dangerous, and ended up taking years. But the attempt succeeded, thanks in large part to a team of men from the South Maitland Mines Rescue Station at Abermain and their “Proto” breathing apparatus that allowed them to work short shifts in the smoke-filled mine.

The men had to seal the mine in several places to stop oxygen reaching the underground fire, but also had to enter the mine to clear dangerous debris. The job started in August 1944 and was finally crowned with success in 1947 when the mine was re-opened.

How Smith’s Weekly reported the re-opening.

At the time it was predicted that the men who achieved this remarkable victory would be remembered forever. That hasn’t been the case, but at least the names of the brave “Proto-men” have been preserved in press reports. Among those who worked on the job from start to finish were: Sid Bowden, Clive Dorrington, Thomas Muxlow, Herbert Neale, Joseph Jones, Herbert Halverson, William O’Neill, William Springbett, Leslie Germyn, John Hansen, John Barrett, Frederick Penn, James Flaherty, Hugh Duncan, Clive Ayrton, Alan Bullen, Gordon O’Keefe, Ronald Stewart and Kenneth Locock. Others who helped included: James Jack, Thomas Sinclair, John Thompson, George Jenkins, Arch Harris. G. Emery, N.T. Clark, T. Croudace, R. Clark, and D. Durham.

Aberdare Central headframe at Kitchener, 1987. Photo by Don Ebbott.

As told in our book, The Way We Worked.

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